Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing
Vulnerability assessment and penetration testing (VAPT) are two important security measures that are used to identify and evaluate the security risks present in a network or system.
Vulnerability assessment is the process of identifying and evaluating the security vulnerabilities present in a network or system. This can be done manually or through the use of automated tools. The goal of a vulnerability assessment is to identify any weaknesses in the system that could be exploited by a hacker. This can include things like unpatched software, misconfigured network devices, or weak passwords.
Penetration testing, also known as “pen testing,” is a more comprehensive form of security testing that simulates an actual attack on a network or system. This can include things like attempting to exploit known vulnerabilities, guessing or cracking passwords, or attempting to gain unauthorized access to the system. The goal of penetration testing is to identify any security weaknesses that could be exploited by a hacker and to evaluate the effectiveness of existing security controls.
Both vulnerability assessment and penetration testing are important in order to identify security weaknesses and to help organizations take the necessary steps to protect their networks and systems. Vulnerability assessment is a proactive approach to identifying potential security issues and penetration testing is a reactive approach to test the current level of security of the system.
VAPT is a combination of both vulnerability assessment and penetration testing. It is an essential process to ensure that the system is secure and meet the standards. An organization can use VAPT to find out the vulnerabilities, weaknesses and security gaps in the system and take necessary steps to mitigate them before an attacker takes advantage of it